The recent Apache Ignite 1.9 release provided an integration with Kubernetes that automates deployment, scalability, and management of an Apache Ignite cluster running under its supervision. The whole idea of the integration is to enable Apache Ignite nodes auto-discovery in Kubernetes so that they can interconnect with each other to form a distributed cluster. This capability is supported by a special Kubernetes IP finder that gathers IP addresses of all running Apache Ignite nodes and references these IP address at the time a new Apache Ignite node needs to join the cluster.
The Apache Ignite community prepared Kubernetes Deployment Getting Started Guide that demonstrates how to deploy a cluster on a local machine using Minikube. In this blog post, it will be shown how to do the same but for a cloud environment such as Microsoft Azure.
Creating a Kubernetes Cluster on Microsoft Azure
Before we can deploy an Apache Ignite cluster in Kubernetes we need to allocate virtual machines and prepare a Kubernetes cluster on Microsoft Azure. The fastest way to accomplish this step is by referring to the excellent walkthrough prepared by Microsoft.
Once you have completed a part of the walkthrough that explains how to create the Kubernetes cluster and connect to it from a local machine, run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server using the command below:
After that make sure that Kubernetes UI is available on the local machine by opening the following URL in a favorite browser:
You should see a page like that once you go to Nodes tab:
Creating Kubernetes Ignite Lookup Service
The Kubernetes IP finder requires us to create a special Kubernetes service to which the IP finder connects to relying on Kubernetes API in order to get the IP addresses of all the alive Apache Ignite nodes (pods in terms of Kubernetes).
Every time a new Apache Ignite node is started, the IP finder will connect to the service and will retrieve addresses of already running Ignite nodes. Using these addresses, the new node will be able to discover the rest of the cluster nodes and join the Apache Ignite cluster.
First, to create the service we need to prepare
ignite-service.yaml file with the content below:
- port: 9042 # custom value.
Second, instantiate the service using
kubectl create -f ignite-service.yaml command and go to Kubernetes UI Services tab to check that the Ignite service is up and running:
Deploying Apache Ignite Cluster
To deploy an Apache Ignite cluster in Kubernetes we need to prepare two things: Apache Ignite configuration with enabled Kubernetes IP finder and Kubernetes YAML configuration for Apache Ignite pods (nodes).
As for the first, we will simply reuse an existing Spring XML configuration available on GitHub. The YAML configuration in its turn will pass this Apache Ignite Spring XML configuration to Apache Ignite docker image via
CONFIG_URI parameter as it's shown below:
# Start two Ignite nodes by default.
# Custom Ignite pod name.
- name: ignite-node
- name: OPTION_LIBS
- name: CONFIG_URI
- containerPort: 11211 # REST port number.
- containerPort: 47100 # communication SPI port number.
- containerPort: 47500 # discovery SPI port number.
- containerPort: 49112 # JMX port number.
ignite-deployment.yaml file with the content above and deploy an Apache Ignite cluster in Kubernetes executing
kubectl create -f ignite-deployment.yaml command. To learn more about the configuration parameters used in ignite-deployment.yaml, refer to this section of Apache Ignite Kubernetes getting started guide.
Make sure that the Apache Ignite pods have been deployed successfully by clicking on Pods tab of Kubernetes UI:
Check the logs of one of the nodes confirming that the nodes, eventually, have discovered each other in Kubernetes environment on Microsoft Azure:
At the end, let's instruct Kubernetes to scale out the Apache Ignite cluster from two to five nodes executing the following command:
kubectl scale --replicas=5 -f ~/kubernetes_dev/azure/ignite-deployment.yaml
Refresh the Kubernetes UI Pods tab to see that the cluster has been scaled out automatically:
As demonstrated, the new Apache Ignite and Kubernetes integration allows for quick and easy deployment and management of a distributed Apache Ignite cluster under Kubernetes supervision. Microsoft Azure is just an example deployment scenario and you're free to deploy a combined Kubernetes and Apache Ignite cluster on any cloud platform or on-premise.